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    蔡元培作品集


           【蔡元培】(1868—1940) 中國近代民主革命家、教育學家、科學家。浙江省紹興府山陰縣人。18歲設館教書,26歲中進士、點翰林,29 歲授編修。1902年組織中國教育會任會長,創立愛國學社、愛國女學,均曾被推為總理。1912年1月就任南京臨時政府教育總長。1917年主任北京大學校長,1928年后專任中央研究院長。1940年3月在香港病逝。他是20世紀初中國資產階級教育制度的創造者。他的教育實踐和教育思想,集中起來就是用資產階級教育代替封建教育。他在主持教育部工作期間,曾進行了劃時代的改革。他提倡資產階級自由主義教育,主張崇尚自然,尊重兒童,使其才能自由發展。在任北大校長期間,提出大學的性質在于研究高深學問,為此必須提倡學術自由,科學民主。他主張學與術分校,文與理通科。將“學年制”改為“學分制”,實行選科制,積極改進教學方法,精簡課程,提倡自學。他的教育思想與教育實踐,為中國教育發展,特別是高等教育的改革,起了巨大的推動作用。他的主要著作有:《中學修身教科書》、《中國倫理學史》、《歐洲美學小史》,編有《蔡元培選集》、 《蔡元培教育文選》。

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